Phytochemical Analysis and Traditional uses of two locally available Ficus species (beneghalensis and sycomorus)

  • Sulieman Ahmed Gasim El Said
  • Hatil Hashim EL-Kamali
  • Yousra Omer EL-Desogi
Keywords: Sudanese Traditional Medicine, Qualitative Phytochemical Tests, Ficus benegalensis, F. sycomorus


Two Ficus species that are commonly used in Sudanese Traditional Medicine for the management of various ailments were screened for their phytochemical groups using chemical reagent and Thin Layer Chromatography. Qualitative phytochemical tests were used to detect the presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, phenolic compounds and anthraquinones. Six compounds from F. benegalensis and seven from F. sycomorus quenching were reported from the various parts of these two plants. However , more number of compounds were found in the leaves. The data generated from this study have provided the chemical basis for wide use of F. sycomorus as therapeutic agent for treating various ailments. However, there is need to further carry out advanced hyphenated spectroscopic studies in order to elucidate the structure of these compounds. Furthermore, this data may be handy in probing of biochemistry of this plant in the future.


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