Antioxidant activity of some Sudanese medicinal plant methanolic extracts
Traditional medicines play a very important role in the health care system in Sudan, Cadaba glandulosa , Aristolochia bracteolata , Boscia senegalensis and Nymphaea lotus are used in folkloric medicine to remedy some diseases. The methanolic extracts were used to evaluate antioxidant activity to the plants which were mentioned above. B senglensis was shown high activity equal to 87+1, while N. lotus was represented 82+2. Also A. bracteolate and C. glandulosa exhibited moderate values (54+0.03 and 41+0.04 respectively).
Abubakar, M.S, Musab, A.M. Ahmeda, A. and Hussaini, I.M. (2007). The Perception and Practice of Traditional Medicine in the Treatment of Cancers and Inflammations by the Hausa and Fulani Tribes of Northern Nigeria. Journal of Ethno pharmacology, 111: 625 - 629.
Al-Fatimi, M. M. Wurster, G. Schroder, and U. Lindequist. (2009). Antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of selected medicinal plants from Yemen. Journal of Ethno - pharmacology, 111: 657–666.
Al-Hamoud G A. Orfali R S, Yamano Y, Alothyqi N Alzahrani A M, Matsunami K (2012). Four New Flavonoids Isolated from the Aerial Parts of Cadaba rotundifolia Forssk. (Qadab) Journals of Molecules 24 : 11,112-119.
Ames B N, Shigenaga M K , Hagen T M (1993). Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 90, 7915-7922.
Anthony Jide Afolayan, Olubunmi Josephine Sharaibi and Mutiu Idowu Kazeem (2014). Phytochemical Analysis and in vitro Antioxidant Activity of Nymphaea lotus L.. International Journal of Pharmacology, 9: 297-300.
NRC: National Research Concil. (2008). Aizen-Mukheit Lost crop of Africa Fruit.part National Academies Press.Washington DC., III. 220_230.
EL Ghazali, G.E.B. Eltohami M.S and ELgami, A.A.B. Abdella. W.S. and Mahmoud, M,G,(1997). Medicinal plants of the Sudan part Iv, MBd. Plants of Nor Thern Kordofan, Khartoum Omdurman Islamic uni. print and publishing House.
El Ghazali, GEB, El Tohami. M.S. and El Egami, A. AB. (1994). Medicinal Plants of the Sudan Part ΙΙΙ in Medicinal Plants of the White Nile Provinces. National council for Research. Khartoum.
Halliwell B and Gutteridge J M, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Hans, D.N. (2000). African Traditional medicine. A dictionary of Plants Use and Applications, Ed Med. pp. 371.
Harborne, J.B., (1998). Phytochemical Methods: A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis. 3rd Edn., Chapman and Hall, London, ISBN-13: 9780412572708, Pages: 302.
Hogan S Zhang L Wang H Zho K (2009). Food Chem., 117, 438-443.
Joseph J A, Shukitt-Hale B, Denisova N A, Bielinski D, Martin A, McEwen J J, Neurosci P C (1999) 19(18), 8114-8121.
Lo¨liger, J. (1991).The use of antioxidants in food. In Free Radicals and Food Additives; Aruoma, O. I., Halliwell, B., Eds.; Taylor and Francis: London. 129-150.
Madhusudhanan, N. Lakshmi, T. Kumar, S.G. Venu, G. (2011). In vitro antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of aqueous and ethanolic flower extract of Nymphaea Alba Int J Drug Dev Res, 3(3): 252-258.
Mohtasheem ul Hasan, M. Salman, A. Munnawar, S. Iqbal, A. (2011). Analgesic and Anti - emetic activity of Cleome viscosa L. Pak J Bot .1., 43(1): 119-2.
Orwa, C. Mutua, A. Kindt, R. Jamnadass, R. Anthony, S. (2009). Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0.
Sarmadi BH Ismail A ( 2010 ). Antioxidant activity of some medicinal plants. Peptides, 31, 1949–1956.
Thatte U, Bagadey S and Dahanukar S (2000). Mole Cellular Biochem., , 46, 199-214
Thippeswamy, B.S. Brijesh, M. Veerapur, V.P. Gourav, G. (2011). Anxiolytic activity of Nymphea alba Linn. in mi ce as experimental models of anxiety. Indian J
Pharmacol,43: 50-55. Villaño D, Fernández-Pachón MS, Moyá ML,
Troncoso AM,GarcíaParrilla MC (2007). Radical scavenging ability of polyphenolic compounds towards DPPH free radical. Talanta 71(1):230-235.
Vouga R R, Foyet H S, Ziebe R, Rebecca B. G (2014). Antioxidant activity and phytochemical constituent of two plants used to manage foot and mouth disease in the Far North Region of Cameroon. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology,12:3,189-199.