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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The manuscript should be arranged as follows: (1)Title Page: (i) The title page should a brief title without any abbreviations and it demonstrating the contents of the paper (not more than 150 characters) (ii) Author names and their affiliations (including first name) position, the name and address of the institution from which the work originated, with full postal address and e-mail address and an asterisk may be used to indicate the author to whom correspondence should be sent. (2)Abstract: The abstract should be concise informative and not exceed than 300 words in length (both in Arabic and English). It should briefly describe the aim of the work, Study design, Place and duration of Study, techniques and methods, major findings with important data and main conclusions. Non-standard abbreviations should not be used; if necessary they should be clearly defined in the abstract, at first use. (3)Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, 4-10 keywords should be given; it should be helpful and appropriate to the article. (4)Abbreviations: Non-standard abbreviations should include an alphabetical list and full name plus each abbreviation should be used in text on first mention. (5) Introduction: Should provides a factual background, clearly defined problem, justification of the work done, proposed solution and a brief relevant literature that has a direct bearing on the present problem. (6) Material and Methods / Patients and Methods/ Experimental Details/ Methodology: Should include methods describe in sufficient details to allow the experiment to be interpreted and reproduced. Published methods should be mentioned with references. Modifications of published methods and new methods should be described in detail. (7) Results & Discussion Results should be clearly described in a concise way with statistical findings performed where appropriate; every effort should be made to avoid unnecessary repetition of data in the text, tables and figures. The discussion should not repeat the results, but provide detailed interpretation of data. It should interpret the significance of the findings of the work. The main conclusion (s) should be conveyed in a final paragraph. (8) Acknowledgements: A brief acknowledgement of all sources of funding for research and people who provided assistance in manuscript preparation should be declared and listed in this section. Authors should declare the role of funding agency, if any, in the study design, collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript. (9) Reference style References must be listed, double-spaced, at the end of the manuscript and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. Citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets []. Only published data should be included in the reference list. Unpublished data and personal communication will not be accepted as references. Reference (Vancouver style) to a journal article should include in this order: (1) Authors. (2) Title. (3) Journal name (as abbreviated in Index Medicus). (4) Year. (5) Volume and issue number (6) inclusive page numbers. (2) References to a books should include (1) Authors. (2) Chapter title (if any). (3) Editor s name (if any). (4) Title of book. (5) City of publication. (6) Publisher. (7) Year. Volume and edition numbers and specific page numbers should be included when appropriate. The authors are responsible for their correct textual citation. (10) Tables & Figures: Tables & figures should be placed inside the text. Tables and figures should be presented as per their appearance in the text. It is suggested that the discussion about the tables and figures should appear in the text before the appearance of the respective tables and figures. No tables or figures should be given without discussion or reference inside the text. Tables should be explanatory enough to be understandable without any text reference. Double spacing should be maintained throughout the table, including table headings and footnotes. Table headings should be placed above the table. Footnotes should be placed below the table with superscript lowercase letters. Each figure should have a caption. The caption should be concise and typed separately, not on the figure area. Figures should be self-explanatory. Information presented in the figure should not be repeated in the table. All symbols and abbreviations used in the illustrations should be defined clearly. Figure legends should be given below the figures. (11) Ethical approval (where ever applicable) All manuscripts which deal with the study of human subjects should include a statement to confirm that the authors have obtained all necessary informed consent from each subject or subject's guardian, after ethical approval of the experiments protocol by a local human ethics committee. No manuscripts will be peer-reviewed if a statement of patient consent is not presented during submission (wherever applicable). (12)The authors’ contributions: The covering letter should indicate the role of each of the authors in the written study as follows: Author A …….. : Study concept and design the study. Author B …….. : Data collection Author C …….. : Analysis and interpretation of data Author D …….. : wrote the first draft of the manuscript All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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