Effect of Gamma Radiation on Characteristic of bipolar junction Transistors (BJTs )

  • Abdenabi Ali Elamin
  • Waell H Alawad
Keywords: Gamma rays, Radiation dose, Bipolar junction transistor


This paper describes the effects of 60Cogamma radiation hardness of characteristic and parameters of Bipolar Junction Transistors in order to analyze the performance changes of the individual devices used in nuclear field. Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) of the type (BC-301) (npn) silicon, Transistor was irradiated by gamma radiation using 60Cosource at different doses (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) KGy. The characteristics and parameter of Bipolar Junction Transistor was studied before and after irradiated by using Transistor Characteristics Apparatus with regulated power supplies. Obtained result showed that, the saturation voltage VCE(sat) of Bipolar Junction Transistor decreased because of the gain degradation of the transistor and increased silicon resistivity, Another parameter of a bipolar junction transistor affected by ionizing radiation is a collector-base leakage current, a strong increase of the current is caused by the build-up charge near the junction.


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