Physico-chemical Characteristics and Heavymetal contents in Soil of South West EL-Fasher City,Western Sudan.

  • Fatima Siddig Adam Abdel Wahed
  • Hatil Hashim EL-Kamali
Keywords: Heavy metals, physicochemical, Soil, South west EL-Fashir city, Western Sudan

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to assess levels of trace and heavy elements in South west EL-Fasher cityin North Darfur soils and to provide information regarding accumulation of these metalsin top and sub-soils and to determine the most important soil factors (chemical and physical) which influence trace and heavy elements concentrations in soil.Top and sub-soil samples were taken at various locations in South west EL-Fasher city. The soil characterization was carried out for parameters like pH, E.C, O.C, M.C, soil texture, and trace and heavy elements (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn). The results obtained in this research work provides documentation of the relationship between physicochemical properties and heavy metals concentrations in soils of North Darfur. The pH was found to be slightly alkaline. The values of E.C indicated that all samples of the soils are non-saline. Fe, Mn, Cr, Zn and Cu were distributed in very high concentrations compared to other metals. This study will help the industrial section and can be benefit from it for commercial purposes.There were obvious differences in correlation coefficients among the selected criteria (65.6% from total number of correlated between pH and some other selected physicochemical characteristics, whereas 42.3% from the total number were positive correlated between soil texture and some other selected physicochemical characteristics. This study can serves as a database of trace and heavy elements build-up in soil, allowing preventive actions to be taken.

References

- Allen, S.E. (ed.), 1974. Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials. Blackwell, Oxford. ISBN-13:978-0632017423.
- Bettinelli M., Baffi C., Beone G.M., Spezia S. 2000. Soil and sediment analyses by spectroscopic techniques. Part I: determination of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, and Zn. Atomic Spectrosc.21:50–5. Perkin Elmer.
- Black, C.A. (ed.) (1965). Methods of Soil and Plant Analyses. Agron. No.9 Part 2 Amer.Soc.Madison.
- Eriksson J.E. 2001. Concentrations of 61 trace elements in sewage sludge, farmyard manure, mineral fertiliz-ers, precipitation and in oil and crops. Swedish EPA. Rep 5159. Stockholm.
- Herselman J.E., Steyn C.E., Fey M.V. 2005. Baseline concentration of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn in surface soils of South Africa. South African J. Sci. 101:509–512.
- Kaur M., Soodan PK, Katnoria JK, Bhardwaj R, Pakade YB, Nagpal AV (2014). Analysis of physicochemical parameters , genotoxicity and oxidative stress inducing potential of soils of some agricultural fields under rice cultivation. Tropical Plant Research 1(3):49-61.
- Koljonen, T. (1992). The Geochemical Atlas Finland, Part 2: Till, Geol. Survey of Finland, Espoo, 1992.
- Melo Jr. G., Carvalho F.B., Nogueira M.L.S., et al. 2006. Baseline levels for selected elements in soils under semi-arid condition, northeast of Brazil. Geophys. Res. Abstracts, EGU 8:07331. In: Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. 3rd Edition. Kabata – Pendias A. https://books.google.com.
- Nasseem M.G., Abdalla Y.H. 2003. Cobalt status in the North Western Coast Soils of Egypt in relation to cobalt content of barley for ruminants. 16 Int. Symp. Environ. Biogeochem. Edinburgh.
- Protasova, N. A. and Kopayeva, M. T. (1985). Trace and dispersed elements in soils of Russian Plateau, Pochvovedenie, 1, 29.
- Piper,C.S. (1950). Soil and Plant Analysis. Adelaide University.
- Rayment GE, Jeffery AJ, Barry GA (2002). Heavy metals in Australian sugarcane. Contaminations in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 33:15-18, 3203-3212.
- Richards L.A. (ed.), (1954). Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. US Dept. Agr.Handbook 60. US Gov. Printing Office. Washington, DC.
- Sinha S, Gupta AK, Bhatt K, Pandey K, Rai UN, Singh KP (2006). Distribution of metals in the edible plants grown at Jajmau , Kanpur (India) receiving treated tannery wastewater : Relation with physicochemical properties of soil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 115: 1-22. Forest Service Handbook. Washington, DC, 1960, Department of Agriculture , US
Published
2021-01-13