Sudan Journal of Nursing Sciences https://journal.oiu.edu.sd/index.php/SJNS <p style="text-align: justify;">Sudan Journal of Nursing Sciences (SJNS) is an open access peer-reviewed scientific Journal issued by the Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Omdurman Islamic University (OIU). SJNS is publishing biannually. High quality papers written in English language are welcomed. The journal seeks to keep abreast of development in different nursing sciences, relevant basic scientific researches in biomedical sciences and clinical practice.The journal efforts aim at improving the nursing care for patients and upgrading the skills of nursing personnel in the field ofnursing care by publishing unique and high quality scientific researches. &nbsp;</p> en-US khaledmicro@oiu.edu.sd (Dr. Khalid Suliman Abd-Ulgadir Hasab Rabow) omer_abdalgabar@oiu.edu.sd (Omer AbdAlgabar Musa Hassan) Tue, 10 Sep 2019 13:00:05 +0100 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Antimicrobial potential of Prosopis chilensis Against Some Causative Agents of Urogenital Infections. https://journal.oiu.edu.sd/index.php/SJNS/article/view/162 <p>&nbsp;Medicinal plants have been used internationally and globally as traditional remedies for numerous human illnesses for thousands of years till now. This study was aimed to investigate and compare the antimicrobial properties of leaves and fruits extract of<em> Prosopis chilensis</em> against standard strains and clinical isolates. Antimicrobial activities were detected by the agar well diffusion method and the broth dilution method. The mean diameter of inhibition zones were analyzed statistically using One- Way analysis of variance using SPSS Version (20). Leaves and fruits methanol extracts exhibited antimicrobial potential against standard strains viz: <em>Escherichia coli</em>,<em> Staphylococcus aureus</em>, <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>, <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em>, <em>Proteus vulgaris</em>, and <em>Candida albicans</em> with zones of inhibition&nbsp;&nbsp; ranged from 17 mm to 28 mm. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) showed by leaves and fruits methanol extracts on the standard bacteria was ranged from 12.50 mg/ml to 100 mg/ml and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was ranged from 25 mg/ml to 100 mg/ml. On the other hand, the MIC of methanol leaves extracts toward standard fungi was ranged from 50 to 100 mg/ml, while the minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) was ranged from 100 to &gt; 100 mg/ml. Leaves methanol extract revealed significant antimicrobial activity on the clinical isolates The MIC exhibited by this extract on clinical bacterial isolates was ranged from 12.50 mg/ml to 100 mg/ml and the MBC was ranged from 25 mg/ml to <strong>&gt;</strong>100 mg/ml. The MIC from the same extract toward clinical isolates of <em>Candida albicans</em> was ranged from 12.50 mg/ml to 25 mg/ml, whereas the MFC was ranged from 25 mg/ml to 50 mg/ml. The study concluded that the methanolic extracts of the mesquite plant contain antimicrobial agents, which proved to be effective against both standard strains and clinical isolates.</p> Mishkat Soluman Rokza Copyright (c) 2019 Sudan Journal of Nursing Sciences https://journal.oiu.edu.sd/index.php/SJNS/article/view/162 Tue, 10 Sep 2019 12:33:31 +0100 Antimicrobial Potential of Acacia nilotica subsp. tomentosa Against Some microorganisms causes Urogenital Infections. https://journal.oiu.edu.sd/index.php/SJNS/article/view/269 <p><strong>Background</strong>: For centuries, the therapeutic properties of various medicinal plants have been used to treat human illnesses. <strong>Aim</strong>: This study was aimed to investigate and compare the antimicrobial properties of leaves and stem bark extracts of <em>Acacia nilotica </em>ssp.<em> tomentosa</em> against standard strains and clinical isolates. <strong>Methodology</strong>: Antimicrobial activities were detected by the agar well diffusion method and the broth dilution method. The MDIZs were analyzed statistically using One- Way analysis of variance using SPSS Version (20). <strong>Results</strong>: Methanol extracts of leaves and stem bark exhibited unique antimicrobial activity against all standard strains of bacteria and fungi with zones of inhibition ranged from 21 mm to 39 mm. The leaves and stem bark aqueous extracts were also showed high activity on the standard strains of bacteria and fungi showing diameters of inhibition zones which were less than methanol extracts and was ranged from 20 mm to 23 mm. The MIC showed by leaves and bark methanol extracts on the standard bacteria was ranged from 3.125 mg/ml to 12.50 mg/ml and the MBC was ranged from 6.25 mg/ml to 50 mg/ml. On the other hand, the MIC of leaves and bark methanol extracts toward standard fungi was 6.25 mg/ml, while MFC was 12.50 mg/ml. Leaves and bark methanol extracts revealed significant antimicrobial activity on the bacterial isolates viz: <em>Escherichia coli</em>, <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>, <em>Proteus mirabilis</em>, <em>Staphylococcus saprophyticus</em>,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Neisseria&nbsp; gonorrhoeae</em>,&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Klebsiella&nbsp; pneumoniae</em>&nbsp; and <em>Enterococcus</em>&nbsp; spp. where the MDIZ±SD was ranged from 22.36±7.40 mm to 25.54±2.47 mm. On the other hand, isolates of <em>Candida albicans</em> showed MDIZ which was 23.20±3.44 mm for leaves methanol extract and 25.25±1.92 mm for bark methanol extract. The MIC exhibited by leaves and bark methanol extracts on bacterial isolates was ranged from 3.125 mg/ml to 12.50 mg/ml and the MBC was ranged from 6.25 mg/ml to 25 mg/ml. The MIC from the same extracts toward clinical isolates of <em>Candida albicans</em> was 6.25 mg/ml, whereas the MFC was 12.50 mg/ml. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study revealed that the extracts of <em>A. n. </em>ssp.<em> tomentosa</em> possess significant antimicrobial compounds, which proved to be effective against both standard strains and clinical isolates.</p> Khalid Suliman Abd-Ulgadir Copyright (c) 2019 Sudan Journal of Nursing Sciences https://journal.oiu.edu.sd/index.php/SJNS/article/view/269 Sun, 15 Sep 2019 12:27:11 +0100